Copper piping and tubing is used in more than 85% of all homes in the US. It is impermeable and biostatic. Contaminates in water cannot penetrate this metal, and it’s anti-microbial (inhibits the growth of bacteria). It can withstand pressures exceeding 1000 per square inch. It’s the Rolls-Royce of plumbing piping.
CPVC (Chlorinated Polyvinyl Chloride) s a thermoplastic pipe and fitting material (produced by the post chlorination of polyvinyl resin) used for potable water distribution, corrosive fluid handling, and fire suppression. CPVC piping is a newer piping material. Some U.S. cities and states have restrictions on the use of it. Although installation in some applications may be easier with CPVC, copper is much more durable on the jobsite (CPVC pipe and fittings are subject to cracking or breaking if dropped, stepped on, or not handled carefully, and must be stored properly to prevent UV degradation).
PVC (Polyvinyl Chloride) is a popular modern plumbing system pipe, PVC is a white or grey pipe used for high-pressure water, most commonly the main supply line into the house. Its tendency to warp at high temperatures means it shouldn’t be used to carry water hotter than 140 degrees.
PEX (Cross-linked Polyethylene) is one of the most popular types of plastic plumbing piping in use today. PEX pipe is available in red, blue and white. While red is typically used for hot water and blue for cold, there’s no difference in the material. It is flexible, resistant to scale and chlorine, doesn’t corrode or develop pinholes, is faster to install than metal or rigid plastic, and has fewer connections and fittings. PEX plumbing has been in use in Europe since about 1970, and was introduced in the U.S. around 1980.
HDPE (High-Density Polyethylene) High-Density Polyethylene (HDPE) pipe has been used for decades in non-potable water applications. In particular, HDPE pipes are often preferred for their welded joints. While special equipment is required to form the weld, welding eliminates the need for separate fittings, a common source of leaks and contaminant infiltration. HDPE is very flexible and can endure harsher site handling than more brittle polymers like PVC. Flexibility also allows turns in the piping system without the need for additional joints.
Cast Iron Pipes
Cast iron piping has been used for a very long time. Today it is mostly used in commercial and industrial settings, but many older homes will have it installed. It’s heavy and expensive but it lasts forever if properly maintained. It also creates a very quite plumbing system. If your drain pipes are cast iron you won’t be able to hear the toilet flush on the floor above you.
Champion Plumbing & Drain Cleaning in Canton, GA is your water piping experts.